Electrolytic Water Treatment—Its Challenges

Water Droplets_127674The public consciousness on the importance of safe potable drinking water has caused the emergence of different methods, which have stirred different reactions from the general public. The old ways of treating water, which is boiling is seldom practiced today among American homes, in spite of the fact that boiling water treatment still proves as one of the best ways in eliminating harmful microorganisms that can cause gastro-intestinal diseases like cholera and diarrhea.

The rapid change of lifestyle and the fast-paced movement of people have in fact challenged the importance of the advancement of technology on water treatment. Today more than ever some water technologies are straightforwardly expensive yet with proven efficiency and efficacy. While some water treatment technologies are gaining rave reviews from both the consumers and the scientific community, some failed to get recognition either from both sides.

Electrolytic water treatment is one of the “not so lucky” water treatment technologies that did not achieve accolades from the experts of chemistry and physics fields. A considerable number of this community is still doubtful about the efficacy of electrolytic water treatment.

Electrolytic water treatment supposedly works by breaking down the water molecules by applying electric current. Ionized water is purportedly the answer to obtaining safe drinking water, which can only be generated with the use of electrolytic water treatment. Nevertheless, this claim had been facing much reaction from Stephen Lower, a former member of the faculty the Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada. Lower contested that the concept of ionized water is but for sales and marketing purposes only. Furthermore, it is believed that potable drinking water is not capable of conducting electricity, which makes the introduction of electrolysis seemed futile.

Other contentions include that the so-called health benefits of ionized water are yet to be backed by scientific study results. Lastly those proliferating electrolytic water treatment equipment are nothing but useless pieces that are incapable of eliminating impurities, disinfecting harmful bacteria, and the removal of scale formation.

Despite the many negative reactions about electrolytic water treatment, there are still many companies that are continuously marketing the product. The sale of this product is still to reach its speak as there are not too many that are convinced with its advertised effectiveness in treating water from microorganism, scale formation, and impurities.

This water treatment technology is yet to hurdle all the challenges in order to prove its detractors wrong. The makers of this technology have to make sure that scientific evidences support their claims, other wise their effort will be for naught. Only then electrolytic water treatment can be considered a brilliant invention.

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Chlorine Water Treatment

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The upsurge of water treatment technology has introduced in the marketplaces more advanced procedures of treating water, however the basics are still practiced today. Chlorine water treatment is one of the most basic and the oldest water treatment procedures that is still widely practiced today.

For domestic use

The water consumed by most households that is supplied by the local water districts runs through some old water pipes that are vulnerable to the attack of microbial organisms. The water undergoes chlorine water treatment to kill these water-borne pathogens before they even get to the drinking glasses of Americans. Local water districts paid so much attention in keeping their supply of water free from harmful contaminants.

Chlorine water treatment being one of the oldest procedures gives fast result as the treated water can be tested right after the chlorine water treatment is done. Chlorine is also used to minimize the iron content in water. This usually happens to water that are sourced from deep well. The water is reddish in color and smells and tastes like rust. Affected water can cause rust stain to fabrics and can affect the taste of the drinking water as well as its odor. In order to prevent this from happening chlorine water treatment is necessary.

Not only are iron deposits removed from water, but also the presence of iron bacteria is eliminated. These iron bacteria can cause build up of slimes, which in turn can cause the clogging-up of water pipes. One of the chemicals that can remove the presence of these bacteria is chlorine.

For commercial use

Look at those swimming pools of some famous hotels and water parks. The water is totally enticing, the waves are playing as if waving everyone to take a dip. Swimming pools is a wealth of pathogens because anybody can just dive and swim. It is a rich source of contaminants.

The harmful substances from the swimming pools may cause skin irritations and even diseases. E. coli might be present also, which can also cause another and more serious health problem. It is necessary to sanitize the pools everyday, without having to change the water.

The water in the swimming pool can take several days or months before they are even drained from the pools. Chlorine is used to clean and disinfect the water from contaminants and make it safe again fro swimming and diving.

Water treatment need not be very expensive and does not necessary calls for a more high-tech water treatment, even the basic like chlorine can handle the job. It is safe and proven effective in keeping the water safe for almost any use.

Domestic Water Treatment

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Every single household in the U.S. consumes hundreds of liters of water everyday. Water is not only essential for maintaining life; it is also necessary in accomplishing household chores. To a certain extent domestic water treatment is of paramount importance in making sure that the water is safe for drinking, and free from undesirable attribute that might affect in every single activity where water is needed.

Bacteria, parasites and virus.

Name it and the water is sure to have all of these harmful microorganisms that could be detrimental to one’s health. These water-borne microbes can cause dysentery, diarrhea, and cholera. In order to get rid of these relatively deadly little devils present in the water, a good domestic water treatment is of paramount importance.

One of the oldest ways of treating water at home is boiling. It is also considered as the method. Boling water is capable of killing all those harmful bacteria, virus, and parasites swarming in our drinking water. This method is considered as the fastest and the easiest way in making sure that the water that we drink is really that safe.

Other method of domestic water treatment for drinking water is the used of a mechanical water purifier. This type of domestic water treatment is rather more expensive compared with boiling, but it is super fast because the water coming from the purifier is already safe, and you can get safe drinking water any time of the day for as long the purifier is working.

Distillation is also one of the oldest domestic water treatments but it is time consuming and demanding a process. The water is charge to a boiling point, once the steam is already present they are gathered and put together to another container to let it cool down or condense. Not many households are using this method, however this is one proven effective way of treating water. It is also a relatively expensive method because the special equipment used in distilling water is also pricey.

 Iron and copper.

These are just two of the many metallic elements present in water. When you see red stains in you faucet or sink most likely iron is present. On the other hand if you notice bluish color on your sink and on your pipe opening, it likely the copper has accumulated thus, the presence of bluish stain.

Domestic water treatment is also very important in making sure that the water is free from these undesirable elements. How would you like to wash your clothes and only to find out that red satins are all present because of the accumulated iron element in water. They also clog pipes over a long period of time if unattended.

One of the possible ways of treating water from these elements is to use another element–chlorine. Chlorination does not only kill microbes, the process also frees the water from iron and copper deposits in water.

The advancement of technology of treating water introduces latest inventions, however the basics are still proven to be the best methods. They are also cheaper too.

Advantages of Ozone Water Treatment

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Our water is never 100% pure. Therefore, it is a bit misguided to believe that there is such a thing as truly “pure” water. Water is, after all, a universal solvent. The minute it is exposed to the environment, it is already contaminated with countless compounds, whether organic or inorganic.

While not all contaminants are harmful to health, there are many that are toxic for human consumption. For this reason, water treatment systems are needed in order to remove these harmful contaminants, thereby ensuring that the water you consume is safe and clean.

There are many different types of treatment systems used. Depending on the type of water to be treated, you may use any one of these systems in order to treat your water. One such method of removing contaminants from your water supply is ozone water treatment.

What is ozone?

Ozone (O3) is a colorless, odorless gas. As a highly reactive gas, ozone reacts with whatever it meets. Because of this, ozone is used extensively for cleaning and disinfection purposes. Ozone is so reactive that corrodes whatever it comes into contact with. As such, although ozone can be a very effective disinfectant and cleaning agent, it can also cause great damage once it comes into contact with living tissue.

So why use ozone to treat water?

The reason is simple: ozone is the best biocide you can find. Its high level of reactivity makes it the perfect agent to use in water treatment systems. Ozone has the ability to kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms found in water. It can also prevent scale build up that is one of the problems caused by hard water.

Countless Center for Disease Control studies show that ozone kills legionella, a type of bacteria that commonly grows in operating cooling towers. Every known test case reveals that the introduction of ozone in cooling towers result in water with bacteria counts that are low enough to meet drinking water quality standards. Moreover, ozone is also shown to have a positive impact on corrosion, which can be very damaging to heat transfer surfaces.

The primary advantage of ozone water treatment is its ability to destroy microorganisms found in water. Biological films are one of the main problems of our water supply today. By controlling the biological environment of water systems, an ozone water treatment system ensures that water is free of harmful contaminants, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and the like.

Moreover, ozone water treatment systems addresses the second issue of scale build up. As a scale inhibitor, ozone helps increase the efficiency of heat transfer surfaces. This makes the system very useful in industrial applications, especially those that use water as a heating agent or a coolant.

Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment System

450974588_e88b07c48b_zDisagreeable taste, foul odor and undesirable color are just few of the unwanted things we don’t want our drinking water to have. In as much as we want to keep our drinking water safe, the cost of water treatment technology is escalating. It is true that there are plenty of water treatment procedures and equipment available in the market but only few are proven to be safe and effective. Those that have gain positive reviews are becoming more expensive each day.

One of the newest methods in treating water is reverse osmosis water treatment system. This method has demonstrated the ability to lessen the content of substances that naturally occurs on water that changes its taste, color and smell. These substances can also cause the water to be unhealthy. All these water problems are eliminated if reverse osmosis water treatment system is utilized.

Reverse osmosis water treatment system is generally utilized to reduce the number of solid particles that might form scale in the long run. The chemicals that cause scale formation like nitrate, sodium, and sulfate are thus removed from the water. The presence of carbon filter in reverse osmosis water treatment system can help diminish the presence of “soluble organic compounds” like pesticides, chloroform and other unnecessary organic compounds.

Reverse osmosis water treatment technology is also considered as super filtration water treatment method because the process includes the passing of water into a permeable membrane with ultra small orifices, that can only allow water molecules to pas through it. The larger compounds found in water are screened. Other reverse osmosis filters use electric current in eliminating unwanted chemicals.

A simple and ordinary reveres osmosis water treatment system typically include particle filter which inhibits solid particles and other chemicals to pass through; membrane component, which acts by rejecting certain contaminants from passing through; Storage tank, where the filtered water are kept; post-filter, which to remove undesirable taste and any form of residue that are present after the treatment; and the delivery tap where treated water are stored.

This ultimate water treatment system is relatively costly but the benefits obtained from this system are much higher than its cost. A reverse osmosis water treatment assembly can cost as little as $189 to as much as $3000 depending on the quality and the size of the unit. Other cost would include regular replacement of the membrane, which is about $100-$200 while the cartridges for the filter is priced at $50.

Reverse osmosis water treatment system is practically suggested for household use only. Any attempt to utilize the system might prove to be much expensive and impractical. Nevertheless reverse osmosis water treatment is and effective method it ensuring a safe and clean drinking water.

5 Ways of Recycling Water

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Let be honest most people just do not have the funds available to install expensive ways of recycling water in their homes, even with the government incentives that are offered to those who purchase these systems.  Finding ways of recycling water and other important resources is very important.  If you know of other ways that help please comment below.

 
There are numerous means of recycling methods of water that the average consumer can do at home at a minimal cost without a major disruption to the daily routine. If you are searching for ways of recycling water in your own home, here are some things that you can try.

• If you rinse the dishes in your sink under running water, use a large plastic bowl or bucket to catch the rinse water. Though there may be small amounts of detergent in the water, this will not harm plants or the soil and the water can then be used to water plants or even for other cleaning tasks around the house.

• When waiting for the water to warm in the shower, use a bucket to catch the cold water that is usually wasted down the drain. The water can be left in the bucket until needed for cleaning or gardening or can be poured into a large barrel outdoors to be used for tasks such as washing the car.

• Leftover pot water from boiling pasta, vegetables and other food items can also be used to water plants. Be sure to give the water ample time to cool before pouring it onto your plants. Extremely hot water can damage more delicate plants and flowers.

• When you clean out the fish tank or aquarium, use that water on your plants or garden. Though to you, the water might seem dirty, the waste from the fish is actually nutrient rich and can help plants to grow and thrive.

• Consider redirecting the drain of your washing machine and catching the rinse water in buckets or barrels for reuse on your lawn or outdoor plants. This takes a bit more effort than the other ways of recycling water, but for those with a large lawn that needs regular watering, this can save a lot of water usage and waste.

There are other ways of recycling water, as well. Simply think about where water is wasted in your home and find a creative way to catch and reuse that water for other purposes. Though it will take many people joining in the cause to make a real difference in the state of the environment, by finding your own ways of recycling water, you can feel good about doing your part.

Boiling Water Treatment

https://watersourceoflife.files.wordpress.comThere are three vital “commodities” in life for most living creature existence.  The absence of anyone of these commodities for a prolonged period would eventually result to death.  Throughout this entire blog the basic assumption is that “death” is not an option of choice.  The three vital “commodities are air, water and food.”  My focus in this article is on water (el agua).

Our bodies require water in order for us to function normally and to replenish the lost water due to perspiration.  How do we acquire the water that we depended on is safe for drinking?

The most affordable and the easiest among other methods of treating water is boiling.. Boiling water treatment is also the oldest way of ensuring that the water is safe at least for drinking.

Boiling water treatment is considered the best compared with other water treatment procedures. In boiling water treatment the presence of harmful bacteria, parasite, and virus that could possibly cause diarrhea are killed and thus, eliminated. However, boiling, filtering, or chemically treating water will not remove chemical or floating petroleum toxins.  For you bottle water people understand that boiling water treatment might affect the taste of water. In order to prevent this from happening it is advised that salt be added; at least a pinch will do to enhance the taste.

But how do we really do the exact and proper way of boiling water treatment? Are the steps easy to follow?

Yes in fact special equipment is not needed. A simple pot, kettle or steel water bottle will do.  Very dirty water should be filtered first with a cotton Bandana or other material (will be discuss in future article) to remove sediments.

If you are in the field (without a thermometer) you should heat your water until it reach a rolling boil (212° F or 100° C) and a drop of chemical disinfectant after a minute from boiling, will also help to ensure that water is now safe for drinking.

If you are in a place where you have a thermometer than:
30 minutes at 160° F
3 minutes at 185° F
Instant at 212° F

Do not contaminant your water by adding any untreated water/ice – be safe boil it all.
Boiling water treatment goal is to kill all pathogens in your water making it potable and safe for you to drink.  Boiling is the best step and the cheapest too, because again water is life, definitely.

How a Water Recycling System Works

https://watersourceoflife.files.wordpress.comWhen people think about the water recycling (reclaimed) system and how it goes about removing waste and pollutants from the water to redistribute it into the ecosystem, many are left wondering exactly how it all works. Some have their doubts about how safe the water from a water recycling system is and what kind of damage it night do to the environment. While there are several different types of systems that can be used to recycle water, for the most part, the end result is water that will improve the environment over the alternative of allowing untreated waste water to reenter the environment.

In a waste water treatment plant, there are several steps that need to be taken before the water is ready to be released into oceans, rivers or lakes, as the case may be in the area. There are two main types of waste water recycling system. The beginnings of the two processes are very similar, but the final step is where the major differences are.

The first process in any water recycling system is the removal of large waste and debris from the incoming water. Once any foreign objects have been filtered out, the clarification process of the water can begin. This is done by allowing the water to move slowly enough so that sediment drops to the bottom of the water and any fats or oils rises to the top to be removed.

Once the majority of the foreign matter is removed from the water, microorganisms are then used to turn any floating particles into waste that can be removed by a second clarification process. As the microorganisms are doing their job to remove the waste, the water is aerated to help keep the organisms alive. When the aeration stops and the second clarification process is complete, most of the microorganisms will be gone from the water, as well.

The final step of the water recycling system is done in one of two ways, in most plants. The water can be treated with ultraviolet radiation, which will help to sterilize the water and kill off any remaining microorganisms. This is considered the most eco-friendly way to complete the process. The alternative is chlorinating the water, then using sulfur dioxide to remove the chlorine. This has the same effect as the UV treatment, but does pose a slightly higher risk to plant and animal life.

The water recycling system has become a very efficient way of returning water to the atmosphere. Though it currently may be impossible to restore water to perfect purity, constant improvements and innovations to the processes are moving things in a direction that could mean perfectly pure water can come out of waste water treatment facilities, one day.

How Safe Is The Water You Drink?

ImageThere is no life without water however most water in its rare state is not fit for drinking. It contains numerous contaminants, which can be dangerous to human health. One of the ways to get water into a potable state is by using a water purifier device.

Untreated water can contain various contaminants including bacteria, algae, fungi, minerals, man-made chemical pollutants and viruses that cannot be seen with the naked eye. A water purifier is very beneficial for healthy daily and survival living.

The reason why you need a water purification system is to kill harmful dangerous bacterial and viral diseases organisms and to filtrate out the contaminants to make your water potable for drinking.

Some common techniques used to purify water include boiling, carbon filtering, distilling, reverse osmosis, ion exchange, electrode ionization and plumbo-solvency reduction.

In future posting I plan to write about the different methods of purifying water in more detail.  I will also write about obtaining water in different environments, product reviews, DIY projects, carrying and long term storage.

Until than understand that:

  • Carbon filtering: water is passed through activated charcoal to remove contaminants. There are two types of carbon filtering systems granular charcoal filtering and sub-micron solid block carbon filtering.
  • Electrodeionization: It includes passing the water through a positive electrode and a negative electrode. Water is typically passed through a reverse osmosis unit first to remove nonionic organic contaminants.
  • Plumbo-solvency reduction: In areas with naturally acidic water of low conductivity (i.e. surface rainfall in upland mountains of igneous rocks), the water is capable of dissolving lead from any lead pipes that it is carried in. The addition of small quantities of phosphate ion and increasing the pH slightly both assist in greatly reducing plumbo-solvency by creating insoluble lead salts on the inner surfaces of the pipes.
  • Reverse osmosis: The reverse osmosis water system is the technique in which mechanical pressure is applied to an impure solution to force pure water through a semi-permeable membrane. The process is ideally the most thorough method of large-scale water purification