5 Ways to Treat Water

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Untreated water can contain bacteria and other microorganisms that can mess up your day or take you out of the game. Take the time to treat your water and save yourself from backdoor trots.

Boiling Will kill everything is an easy and cheap way that requires no special equipment. There is however, a challenge and that is you have a source of heat to boil the water.

Chlorine dioxide kills everything and is cheap, easy to use and light to carry. One of the most important qualities of chlorine dioxide is its high water solubility, especially in cold water. The 4 hours and 30 minutes that you have to wait for it to kill Giardia and to neutralize cryptosporidium can be used for other activities. Oh, did I mention that there is a taste?

Filter Kills bacteria and protozoa fast with no funny taste but water filters can be bulky, pricey and will require field maintenance.

Ultraviolet light I have never used one of these personally but Ultraviolet light devices kills everything fast, light to carry and is not supposed to leave a taste. Ultraviolet lights are pricey and requires batteries.

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Livestock Drinking Water Treatment

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Drinking water should be clean and safe. Regardless of who drinks it, it is necessary the water is safe and clean. Among livestock, cows, the source of milk and milk products in the U.S. also needs to drink clean and safe water.

The quality of water is crucial to the production of milk among cows. It is noted that a cow can consume up to 25 gallons of drinking water everyday, however the amount can get lesser if the quality of water it drinks is poor, meaning it is being contaminated which affect the odor and taste.

Drinking water contaminated with harmful microorganisms can likewise affect the milk production of dairy cows. It is of paramount importance that the drinking water for cows is free from water-borne microorganisms that can pose danger to cows’ health. With this concern the need for an effective livestock drinking water treatment because urgent.

In dairy farms, where all microorganisms can harbor anytime which makes the cow’s prone to diseases should be prevented. Drinking water troughs must be kept clean because these water receptacles are the breeding grounds of some coliform bacteria which do not only infect cows but humans too. Livestock drinking water treatment should include this concern.

According to Ray Hozalski of the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota, livestock drinking water treatment might be costly depending on the contaminants that is targeted to eliminate. If the target of the livestock drinking water treatment is to kill the harmful microorganisms, what might be needed is just disinfection. What will be needed is desirable amount of chlorine to disinfect the water; this could be a little affordable compared with other water treatment methods.

Ultraviolet light, which no longer need chemical in treating drinking water, is another option. Ultraviolet light has its own limitation however on turbid water, water residue is not included in the disinfection process. Distillation like reverse osmosis is used in the removal of nitrate and sulfate content in water, however the former is not well patronized because it is costly.

There other factors that need to be considered in treating drinking water for livestock. Salinity and toxicity of the water must be tested. Too much salinity in drinking water can disrupt the water balance in cows, which might possibly lead to death. Toxic ions can also be detrimental to the health of cows.

Dairy farm owners should make sure that the drinking water treatment procedure for livestock, specifically for cows, should be on top of the priority list. It is important that livestock like cows drink only clean and safe water. This is to ensure that dairy farm owners and the public can both enjoy quality dairy products.

Magnet Water Treatment

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If you are one of those people who are concerned about the quality of water they drink, then you may have encountered the phrase “magnet water treatment” before. But what is it?

First, let’s try to understand what water treatment is. It is a system by which water contaminants, whether naturally occurring or not, are removed from your water supply in order to improve its quality, safety level, taste, odor, and appearance.

There are many different methods used to treat water. Magnet water treatment is just one of them. In a magnet water treatment system, water is made to pass through a strong magnetic field and by doing so, its quality is altered for the better.

In a magnet water treatment system, magnets or other magnetic devices are attached to the incoming water pipe of your home or business. Installing a magnet water treatment system in your home can greatly reduce maintenance cost of your water supplies. The system can also be used in industrial applications, such as boilers, cooling towers, and other such appliances.

Why use magnet water treatment?

Water is a universal solvent. As it moves along ground surfaces, it dissolves minerals and other compounds. Calcium and magnesium are particularly susceptible to water, and once dissolved, they remain in the water, thereby creating a new solvent commonly referred to as “hard water.” The term simply means that the water has high mineral content.

Hard water is not harmful to people’s health. In fact, you can drink it just fine, without any funny taste or odor. What makes hard water a problem is that it has the tendency to cause scale formation along the interior surfaces of water pipes and other water-bearing devices.

The more scale build up is created, the lesser the efficiency of these devices becomes. Eventually, the mineral build up will cause the water pipes to clog completely until water cannot pass through anymore.

It costs a lot of money to remove scale build up from these water-bearing appliances. In industrial applications, 70% of maintenance cost of boiler systems is spent on removing scale deposits alone.

Moreover, hard water lessens the effects of soap. The high mineral content causes a reaction in soap so that it does not lather as effectively as it would have in “soft” water. This can be a problem for those who use soap when washing.

Using magnet water treatment can help solve these two problems. By altering the chemical composition and behavior of the minerals, a magnet water treatment system has the effect of “softening” the water.

Basically, a magnet water treatment system replaces calcium and magnesium in the water with sodium. Compared with calcium and magnesium, sodium has lesser adverse effects on water. What’s more, sodium does not react with soap and does not cause scale formation either.

Well Water Treatment Systems

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Water is essential for every day life. Not only that, but what is essential is clean water. If your water comes from a public or municipal system, then you should have little to worry about in terms of how safe or healthy your water is for use. There are state and local regulations that set standards for the quality of water that comes out of these systems. Water tests are regularly conducted to ensure that water is safe for drinking.

On the other hand, if your water comes from a private well or community well, then the responsibility of keeping it safe for human consumption is usually left in the hands of the end-users. This is where well water treatment systems come in.

Why use well water treatment systems?

While there are naturally-occurring contaminants in water that are not necessarily harmful to your health, there are other types of contaminants that are extremely hazardous. These contaminants contain toxic compounds that can kill animals, plants, and even humans.

Well water belongs to that group of water sources that are considered as “highly vulnerable” to contamination. This is especially true with water coming out of a poorly constructed well, or well that is located near a waste disposal area, such as a septic tank. There is danger of waste seeping through and mixing with the groundwater from which you draw your water.

Moreover, if your well has periodic episodes of poor water quality, then there is also a likely chance that your water supply may be susceptible to harmful bacteria and other contaminants.

Good well water treatment systems are those that can reduce, if not completely remove, these harmful contaminants in water so it is clean and safe for drinking. They help maintain the supply of high quality water, free of any harmful bacteria and other contaminants.

Choosing Between Well Water Treatment Systems

There are many different kinds of well water treatment systems. The effectiveness of each one depends entirely on the type of contaminants found in your well water supply. For instance, if your well is located near a sewage disposal area, then you need a treatment system that employs the sewage treatment method, wherein the water undergoes several stages of processing before it can be considered as safe for use.

American Hydro Systems TEST-8 Do It Yourself Well Water Test Kit

There is not one single well water treatment system that can treat all types of water. Others may be more effective with a particular type of water source while the rest are not quite so.

This is important to keep in mind when choosing well water treatment systems. Be sure to choose a well water treatment system that conforms to your water needs. Only in doing so will you be certain that water from your treatment system is safe.

Cooling Tower Water Treatment

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The maintenance of cooling tower water quality is a significant, though often overlooked, issue in water treatment systems. Water, whether it comes from cooling towers or your regular faucet, supports biological growth over time. Moreover, if left unattended for a long time, it may corrode or form scale deposits on equipment. This is why a cooling tower water treatment system is needed.

Problems Caused by Poor Cooling Tower Water Maintenance

When cooling tower water is poorly maintained, it can give rise to a range of problems, such as the following:

Scale Formation

Scale is formed from precipitated solids, which are commonly produced from heating or cooling water with high mineral content. As scale deposits build up on heat exchange surfaces, they have the tendency to reduce the system’s efficiency. Moreover, the scale formation may also block the flow of water from the cooling tower’s basin or fill.

Using a cooling tower water treatment system can help prevent the build up of scales. It is a cost-effective method that not only treats the problem but also has the effect of reducing maintenance cost of the cooling tower system. Majority of maintenance cost of cooling towers are spent on the removal of scale deposits.

Corrosion

Corrosion occurs when metal dissolves. Under the effects of oxidation, a substantial part of the metal breaks down, leading to a premature degradation of the system. Basically, the metal degrades, its strength and thickness reduced, its structural integrity compromised, and in some extreme cases, it may even create pits and holes in the material.

A cooling tower water treatment system that prevents corrosion is in order. One such system that is effective in preventing corrosion is ozone treatment. However, there are other methods available as well.

Biological Fouling

Biological fouling occurs when water has been left unattended for a long time. Bacteria, algae, fungi, and even protozoa are fond of water and will grow when water has been left untouched for a time. Eventually, the accumulated population of microorganisms in the water will result in the formation of biological film, which is difficult to remove. This creates a situation, commonly referred to as “biological fouling.”

Out of all cooling tower water problems, this is considered to be the root. Among the adverse effects of biological fouling are reduced heat transfer efficiency, fouling of cooling tower fill, blockages in water flow, as well as microbiological induced corrosion. It may also result in human health concerns.

Using a cooling tower water treatment system eliminates this problem. A good cooling water treatment system removes bacteria, fungi, viruses and other biological contaminants in the water and prevents them from fouling the water. Removal of these contaminants, in turn, improve the quality of the water flowing out of the cooling tower.

Electrolytic Water Treatment—Its Challenges

Water Droplets_127674The public consciousness on the importance of safe potable drinking water has caused the emergence of different methods, which have stirred different reactions from the general public. The old ways of treating water, which is boiling is seldom practiced today among American homes, in spite of the fact that boiling water treatment still proves as one of the best ways in eliminating harmful microorganisms that can cause gastro-intestinal diseases like cholera and diarrhea.

The rapid change of lifestyle and the fast-paced movement of people have in fact challenged the importance of the advancement of technology on water treatment. Today more than ever some water technologies are straightforwardly expensive yet with proven efficiency and efficacy. While some water treatment technologies are gaining rave reviews from both the consumers and the scientific community, some failed to get recognition either from both sides.

Electrolytic water treatment is one of the “not so lucky” water treatment technologies that did not achieve accolades from the experts of chemistry and physics fields. A considerable number of this community is still doubtful about the efficacy of electrolytic water treatment.

Electrolytic water treatment supposedly works by breaking down the water molecules by applying electric current. Ionized water is purportedly the answer to obtaining safe drinking water, which can only be generated with the use of electrolytic water treatment. Nevertheless, this claim had been facing much reaction from Stephen Lower, a former member of the faculty the Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada. Lower contested that the concept of ionized water is but for sales and marketing purposes only. Furthermore, it is believed that potable drinking water is not capable of conducting electricity, which makes the introduction of electrolysis seemed futile.

Other contentions include that the so-called health benefits of ionized water are yet to be backed by scientific study results. Lastly those proliferating electrolytic water treatment equipment are nothing but useless pieces that are incapable of eliminating impurities, disinfecting harmful bacteria, and the removal of scale formation.

Despite the many negative reactions about electrolytic water treatment, there are still many companies that are continuously marketing the product. The sale of this product is still to reach its speak as there are not too many that are convinced with its advertised effectiveness in treating water from microorganism, scale formation, and impurities.

This water treatment technology is yet to hurdle all the challenges in order to prove its detractors wrong. The makers of this technology have to make sure that scientific evidences support their claims, other wise their effort will be for naught. Only then electrolytic water treatment can be considered a brilliant invention.

Chlorine Water Treatment

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The upsurge of water treatment technology has introduced in the marketplaces more advanced procedures of treating water, however the basics are still practiced today. Chlorine water treatment is one of the most basic and the oldest water treatment procedures that is still widely practiced today.

For domestic use

The water consumed by most households that is supplied by the local water districts runs through some old water pipes that are vulnerable to the attack of microbial organisms. The water undergoes chlorine water treatment to kill these water-borne pathogens before they even get to the drinking glasses of Americans. Local water districts paid so much attention in keeping their supply of water free from harmful contaminants.

Chlorine water treatment being one of the oldest procedures gives fast result as the treated water can be tested right after the chlorine water treatment is done. Chlorine is also used to minimize the iron content in water. This usually happens to water that are sourced from deep well. The water is reddish in color and smells and tastes like rust. Affected water can cause rust stain to fabrics and can affect the taste of the drinking water as well as its odor. In order to prevent this from happening chlorine water treatment is necessary.

Not only are iron deposits removed from water, but also the presence of iron bacteria is eliminated. These iron bacteria can cause build up of slimes, which in turn can cause the clogging-up of water pipes. One of the chemicals that can remove the presence of these bacteria is chlorine.

For commercial use

Look at those swimming pools of some famous hotels and water parks. The water is totally enticing, the waves are playing as if waving everyone to take a dip. Swimming pools is a wealth of pathogens because anybody can just dive and swim. It is a rich source of contaminants.

The harmful substances from the swimming pools may cause skin irritations and even diseases. E. coli might be present also, which can also cause another and more serious health problem. It is necessary to sanitize the pools everyday, without having to change the water.

The water in the swimming pool can take several days or months before they are even drained from the pools. Chlorine is used to clean and disinfect the water from contaminants and make it safe again fro swimming and diving.

Water treatment need not be very expensive and does not necessary calls for a more high-tech water treatment, even the basic like chlorine can handle the job. It is safe and proven effective in keeping the water safe for almost any use.

Domestic Water Treatment

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Every single household in the U.S. consumes hundreds of liters of water everyday. Water is not only essential for maintaining life; it is also necessary in accomplishing household chores. To a certain extent domestic water treatment is of paramount importance in making sure that the water is safe for drinking, and free from undesirable attribute that might affect in every single activity where water is needed.

Bacteria, parasites and virus.

Name it and the water is sure to have all of these harmful microorganisms that could be detrimental to one’s health. These water-borne microbes can cause dysentery, diarrhea, and cholera. In order to get rid of these relatively deadly little devils present in the water, a good domestic water treatment is of paramount importance.

One of the oldest ways of treating water at home is boiling. It is also considered as the method. Boling water is capable of killing all those harmful bacteria, virus, and parasites swarming in our drinking water. This method is considered as the fastest and the easiest way in making sure that the water that we drink is really that safe.

Other method of domestic water treatment for drinking water is the used of a mechanical water purifier. This type of domestic water treatment is rather more expensive compared with boiling, but it is super fast because the water coming from the purifier is already safe, and you can get safe drinking water any time of the day for as long the purifier is working.

Distillation is also one of the oldest domestic water treatments but it is time consuming and demanding a process. The water is charge to a boiling point, once the steam is already present they are gathered and put together to another container to let it cool down or condense. Not many households are using this method, however this is one proven effective way of treating water. It is also a relatively expensive method because the special equipment used in distilling water is also pricey.

 Iron and copper.

These are just two of the many metallic elements present in water. When you see red stains in you faucet or sink most likely iron is present. On the other hand if you notice bluish color on your sink and on your pipe opening, it likely the copper has accumulated thus, the presence of bluish stain.

Domestic water treatment is also very important in making sure that the water is free from these undesirable elements. How would you like to wash your clothes and only to find out that red satins are all present because of the accumulated iron element in water. They also clog pipes over a long period of time if unattended.

One of the possible ways of treating water from these elements is to use another element–chlorine. Chlorination does not only kill microbes, the process also frees the water from iron and copper deposits in water.

The advancement of technology of treating water introduces latest inventions, however the basics are still proven to be the best methods. They are also cheaper too.

Advantages of Ozone Water Treatment

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Our water is never 100% pure. Therefore, it is a bit misguided to believe that there is such a thing as truly “pure” water. Water is, after all, a universal solvent. The minute it is exposed to the environment, it is already contaminated with countless compounds, whether organic or inorganic.

While not all contaminants are harmful to health, there are many that are toxic for human consumption. For this reason, water treatment systems are needed in order to remove these harmful contaminants, thereby ensuring that the water you consume is safe and clean.

There are many different types of treatment systems used. Depending on the type of water to be treated, you may use any one of these systems in order to treat your water. One such method of removing contaminants from your water supply is ozone water treatment.

What is ozone?

Ozone (O3) is a colorless, odorless gas. As a highly reactive gas, ozone reacts with whatever it meets. Because of this, ozone is used extensively for cleaning and disinfection purposes. Ozone is so reactive that corrodes whatever it comes into contact with. As such, although ozone can be a very effective disinfectant and cleaning agent, it can also cause great damage once it comes into contact with living tissue.

So why use ozone to treat water?

The reason is simple: ozone is the best biocide you can find. Its high level of reactivity makes it the perfect agent to use in water treatment systems. Ozone has the ability to kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms found in water. It can also prevent scale build up that is one of the problems caused by hard water.

Countless Center for Disease Control studies show that ozone kills legionella, a type of bacteria that commonly grows in operating cooling towers. Every known test case reveals that the introduction of ozone in cooling towers result in water with bacteria counts that are low enough to meet drinking water quality standards. Moreover, ozone is also shown to have a positive impact on corrosion, which can be very damaging to heat transfer surfaces.

The primary advantage of ozone water treatment is its ability to destroy microorganisms found in water. Biological films are one of the main problems of our water supply today. By controlling the biological environment of water systems, an ozone water treatment system ensures that water is free of harmful contaminants, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and the like.

Moreover, ozone water treatment systems addresses the second issue of scale build up. As a scale inhibitor, ozone helps increase the efficiency of heat transfer surfaces. This makes the system very useful in industrial applications, especially those that use water as a heating agent or a coolant.

Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment System

450974588_e88b07c48b_zDisagreeable taste, foul odor and undesirable color are just few of the unwanted things we don’t want our drinking water to have. In as much as we want to keep our drinking water safe, the cost of water treatment technology is escalating. It is true that there are plenty of water treatment procedures and equipment available in the market but only few are proven to be safe and effective. Those that have gain positive reviews are becoming more expensive each day.

One of the newest methods in treating water is reverse osmosis water treatment system. This method has demonstrated the ability to lessen the content of substances that naturally occurs on water that changes its taste, color and smell. These substances can also cause the water to be unhealthy. All these water problems are eliminated if reverse osmosis water treatment system is utilized.

Reverse osmosis water treatment system is generally utilized to reduce the number of solid particles that might form scale in the long run. The chemicals that cause scale formation like nitrate, sodium, and sulfate are thus removed from the water. The presence of carbon filter in reverse osmosis water treatment system can help diminish the presence of “soluble organic compounds” like pesticides, chloroform and other unnecessary organic compounds.

Reverse osmosis water treatment technology is also considered as super filtration water treatment method because the process includes the passing of water into a permeable membrane with ultra small orifices, that can only allow water molecules to pas through it. The larger compounds found in water are screened. Other reverse osmosis filters use electric current in eliminating unwanted chemicals.

A simple and ordinary reveres osmosis water treatment system typically include particle filter which inhibits solid particles and other chemicals to pass through; membrane component, which acts by rejecting certain contaminants from passing through; Storage tank, where the filtered water are kept; post-filter, which to remove undesirable taste and any form of residue that are present after the treatment; and the delivery tap where treated water are stored.

This ultimate water treatment system is relatively costly but the benefits obtained from this system are much higher than its cost. A reverse osmosis water treatment assembly can cost as little as $189 to as much as $3000 depending on the quality and the size of the unit. Other cost would include regular replacement of the membrane, which is about $100-$200 while the cartridges for the filter is priced at $50.

Reverse osmosis water treatment system is practically suggested for household use only. Any attempt to utilize the system might prove to be much expensive and impractical. Nevertheless reverse osmosis water treatment is and effective method it ensuring a safe and clean drinking water.